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progress is creativity.        

Rule of diffluence

Rule of diffluence states that during evolution a diversification takes place. As a result, fauceirs at several stages of evolutions coexist and begin to cooperate.

The rule of diffluence does not mean that all earlier stages of evolution persist to infinity. It is a well known fact that some earlier stages go extinct. Also the rule does not mean that those earlier stages stay at the same level of evolution for ever. They adapt and evolve too, of course.


  • Bacteria still exist although much higher evolved biological species evolved.
    • Bacteria occupy ecological niches where other species cannot survive.
    • Bacteria adapted to symbiotic live with higher species.
    • Bacteria evolved better tool to adapt, bacterial conjugation and chorum sensing, for instance.
  • Human societies on this planet exist in various forms, democracies, autocracies, feudalistic structures, slavery, and even hunter-gatherer societies.

Tags: Core theory Rules Theory


Shamanism is a type of religion in which all social control is cantraized in a single control structure.

In a small hunter-gatherer society religion was almost exclusively represented by a single person, named differently in different societies shaman or kahuna, for instance. Such a religious leader often exerted all types of social control. So a single person was responsible for health care, education, rituals, division of labor, and many many others.

Of note, the adaptation of culture in such a system was either through the shaman's cognitive functions or by means of replacing the shaman by someone else.

Tags: Control Religion


(c) Mato Nagel, Weißwasser 2004-2013, Disclaimer