logo4 Evolution is progress—                          
progress is creativity.        

Demarcation problem

Demarcation problem is an epistemological problem it exists as such since the time when rational thinking began. It is the problem to distinguish between science and pseudoscience, rational and irrational decision making.

Poper introduced falsifiability or refutability as demarcation criterion, so what is falsifiable is classified as scientific and vice versa [Error: Wrong macro arguments: "11881" for macro 'ref' (maybe wrong macro tag syntax?)] [Error: Wrong macro arguments: "11879" for macro 'ref' (maybe wrong macro tag syntax?)] . The introduction of that criterion fulfills two two requirements or surrogate parameters of evolutionary progress. These are decontextualization and slave fauceir content. That is depicted by the following two graphs.

G cluster_0 pseudoscience cluster_1 science a0 emotional decision b0 rational decision a0->b0 b0->a0

We consider the conflict or mutual control between rational and irrational decision making as a fauceir that undergoes evolutionary progress, so in the next picture an other fauceir, some people would call it a meme, is intercalated increasing both the distance between the combatants (an effect that we call decontextualization) and the overall complexity increasing the fauceir content.

G cluster_00 cluster_0 pseudoscience cluster_1 defense line cluster_2 science a0 emotional decision c0 falsifiability criterion a0->c0:c0 c0:c0->a0 b0 rational decision c0->b0 b0->c0

Furthermore, the fauceir approach to scientific discovery adds an other criterion, the axiomatic perspective.

G cluster_00 cluster_0 pseudoscience cluster_1 defense line cluster_3 axiomatic approach cluster_2 science a0 emotional decision c0 falsifiability criterion a0->c0 c0->a0 d0 axiomatic analysis c0->d0 d0->c0 b0 rational decision d0->b0 b0->d0

Unfortunately, it was impossible to 'convince' graphviz to draw a more instructive graph for reasons discussed here.

[Error: Macro 'references' doesn't exist]

Tags: Theory

Mutual Dependence Rule

[Error: Wrong macro arguments: "deformat" for macro 'div' (maybe wrong macro tag syntax?)]

Rational Proof

  1. Visibility depends on fauceirs mutual interaction.
  2. All interacting sides will be affected by that interaction
  3. Conclusively t is impossible to one fauceir to obtain information from an other fauceir without being affected.


  • This rule may be colloquially described as there is no independent observer. All observers will be influenced one way or the other.
  • Progressive decontextualization, as observed with evolutionary progress, tries to minimize, but never eliminates that mutation influence
  • A fauceir can be observed i.e. is visible if and only if there is some kind of interaction. This interaction as a rule changes both the observed and the observer.
  • The rule of mutual dependence rule is a special case and antonym to the rule of visibility.
  • This becomes especially prominent in research in quantum mechanics and psychology, for instance, where the fauceirs to observe and the fauceirs to be observed are still close (not yet decontextualized enough), so the rule that by a measurement the outcome of the experiment is affected holds true in both cases.

Tags: Rules Theory



Blindness describes the condition of a fauceir that cannot communicate or being disturbed by an other fauceir.


  • Blindness is an essential element of each fauceir. If it were not existing fauceirs would be always disturbed by external interference.
  • Blindness is the key element of the Visibility/Invisibility Rule.
  • Blindness is the product of the Rule of progressive Blinding.


Two special cases can be distinguished:

  1. The fauceirs at a higher level of evolution are invisible to fauceirs at a lower level of evolution.
  2. Fauceirs that are not related are invisible to each other.

The first case is shown by the picture. The ruler symbolizes the scale of evolution with a higher level to the right and a lower level to the left. The arrow shows the actual position of thes fauceir under consideration. Given this level of evolution everything to the right is invisible while everything to the left is visible.

[Error: Wrong macro arguments: "BlindnessRule1" for macro 'img' (maybe wrong macro tag syntax?)]

This kind of visibility can also be interpreted as understandability as it includes the ability to adapt to changes. In term of our human mind we call such situation to understand.

It follows from this rule follows a highly important conclusion that higher evolved fauceirs, if they exist, would escape our understanding. To become explicable those fauceirs will receive an image in the realm of superstition.

A famous example is genetic drift that is the more prominent the more evolutionary progress is less connected with DNA changes. The highest degree is reached in humans who mostly evolve on the social level only. The rule renders genetic changes more invisible to more modern fauceirs.

The second case is depicted by an other figure. The branches show the inheritance among fauceirs as a tree of life. The blue and the red fauceirs are quite distant, so they show only few common fauceirs. Their interaction is quite unlikely.

[Error: Wrong macro arguments: "BlindnessRule2" for macro 'img' (maybe wrong macro tag syntax?)]

By this rule it becomes explicable why we cannot see or measure other than by gravity dark matter. It steams from an early ancestor of fauceir evolution with whom we only share gravity. From that stage on matter evolved into different directions and we now have no idea what is goung on in dark matter at all. It can be assumed however that complex fauceir structures evolved their too, but probably they will stay invisible for eve rat least with the fauceirs that currently exist.

Related Pages

Visibility/Invisibility Rule Fauceir Theory's rule to explain the relation of blindness and visibility.

Tags: Theory

Visibility Rule

Visibility Rule states that other fauceirs are visible to a certain fauceir if and only if both can interact. And interaction usually requires common sub-fauceirs.

Visibility can be described qualitatively and quantitatively. Qualitative includes the two states visible or invisible only while quantitative description allows to define the degree of visibility. The degree of visibility is proportional to the degree of interaction or influence.

Two rule are reated:

  1. Rule of blindness
  2. Rule of dependence

Tags: Rules Theory


Memes constitute special class of social fauceirs that evolved predominantly to control either human individuals or groups of individuals. Though communication in social compounds is a prerequisite of the evolution of memes, not all social compound evolve memes. Memes include essential sub-fauceirs. These are products of higher brain function such as language, imagination, and abstraction, so memes are not present in animal and plant groups.

Memes can be classified into conscious, mostly knowledge, and subconscious, mostly rituals, memes. It is common sense that conscious memes are the product of rational thinking while subconscious memes are influenced by emotional stimuli that can be produced either completely irrationally, by biological or behavioral fauceirs, of semi-rationally, by manipulations. As a consequence conscious memes consist mainly of sub-faiceirs that can be addressed rationally while subconscious memes consist exclusively of irrational sub-fauceirs.

Generally memes evolve much faster than societies, biological auceirs, or even chemical and physical fauceir, so we may conclude that memes are fauceirs at the highest level of evolution so far at least level of evolution that a human brain is still capable to perceive. Among the memes themselves rational, or conscious, memes show the higher rate of evolution.

I found this extended list of meme literature. Sorry I did read only a tiny portion of it, so I'm incapable to weed out and offer a more comprehensive list.

Tags: Meme Theory


(c) Mato Nagel, Weißwasser 2004-2024, Disclaimer