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Pages Tagged with Theory

Abstraction

**Abstraction** is method and result of a cognitive action that results in a new entity with a reduced number of properties to describe a real existing object. An abstraction itself ...

Tags: Information Learning Linguistic Theory


Categories: Epistemology Philosophy


Abstraction Proviso

**Abstraction Proviso** means that theoretical predictions are true only for abstractions and not for specific situations. That stipulation follows from the [[../AbstractionRule|rule of abstraction]].

Tags: Theory


Categories: Epistemology


Abstraction Rule

Synonyms: Rule of Abstraction

== Rule The more a theory is abstract the more general and lasting its predictions but the less precise it is in its particulars. == Rational Proof # An abstraction ...

Tags: Rules Theory


Categories: Epistemology Systems Theory


Adaptation Definition

**Adaptation** is a reversible process. Appearance and/or function are changed in respons to environmental changes. The aim is to improve survival, or (more generally spoken) function. If the process of ...

Tags: Core theory Evolution Theory


Categories: Evolutionary Biology


Alfred Russel Wallace

Synonyms: Wallace, Alfred Russel

<> **[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alfred_Russel_Wallace|Alfred Russel Wallace]]** (08/01/1823-07/11/1913) was Darwin's contemporary who independently proposed the theory of evolution by natural selection. Most of his work is downloadable from [[http://www.gutenberg.org|Gutenberg Project]]. Also the ...

Tags: Personage Theory


Categories: Evolutionary Biology


Analogy Rule

<
> Analogies are applicable among fauceirs if and only if the abstraction allows to neglect specifics. <
> == Rational Proof # As everything an analogy is but a fauceir ...

Tags: Rules Theory


Categories: Epistemology Systems Theory


Physical attractiveness

Synonyms: good looks

**[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Physical_attractiveness|Physical attractiveness]]** is the sum of all features that make an individual a desirable object to mate with. Thus attractiveness is not limited to humans as in the wiki page ...

Tags: Imprecision Theory


Categories: Evolutionary Biology


Autapomorphy

Synonyms: Autapomorphic Trait

In cladistics autapomorphy describes traits that are unique to one species and therefore useless in cladistic analysis. The angiosperm pterospora provides an illustrative example. It is an parasitic plant that ...

Tags: Cladistics Theory


Categories:


Axiom

Synonyms: Postulate

Axiomas is the set of basic proposition crucial to a theory. There is no theory without axioms even if not explicitly stated and taken for granted. The rules of a ...

Tags: Theory


Categories: Epistemology


Behavior

In fauceir theory, the term behavior may be defined on two levels of abstraction: # In its more stricter sense behavior is restricted to animal behavior. From the fauceir point ...

Tags: Behavior Theory


Categories:


Time for Everything

The Bible passage ([[http://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Ecclesiastes+3&version=ESV#en-ESV-17375|Ecclesiastes 3:1-8]]) is a first philosophical reflection on time. So distinct from the usual and abundant praise of God throughout the Bible this passages stands out. It ...

Tags: Theory


Categories:


Blindness

Synonyms: Inertness; Emotionlesness

== Definition Blindness describes the condition of a fauceir that cannot communicate or being disturbed by an other fauceir. == Rational * Blindness is an essential element of each fauceir. ...

Tags: Theory


Categories: Philosophy Systems Theory


Computer memory hierarchy

Evolutionary progress can be illustrated with computer memory. The computer memory is represented by [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Random-access_memory|Random-access memory modules]]. These chips turn into useful hierarchically controlled memory once the computer is turned ...

Tags: Evolution System Theory


Categories: Software


Condorcet's jury theorem

**[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Condorcet's_jury_theorem|Condorcet's jury theorem]]** states that given two alternative decision of which one is correct. If the average probability of voters to arrive at the correct decision is more than 50% ...

Tags: Society Theory


Categories: Mathematics


Consciousness

Synonyms: Psychological Awareness

**Consciousness** is an illusion. Consciousness remains a mystery even to those who venture to describe it. Its definition is highly controversial, so encyclopedias and dictionaries, such as [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Consciousness|Wikipedia]] and [[http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/consciousness|Meriam-Webster ...

Tags: Anthropology Behavior Theory


Categories: Psychology Sociology


Control

**Control** is a fundamental term of Fauceir Theory. Control is an elementary process defined as any change in outcome of an other process that is different from a mere random ...

Tags: Theory


Categories: Evolutionary Biology


Cope's rule

Synonyms: Cope-Depéret rule

Cope's rule is the [[../GrowthRule|Size Rule]] applied to biological objects. It was first observed in the fossile record <>. Although named after Cope, he never actually stated that rule. ...

Tags: Evolution Rules Theory


Categories: Biology


Darwinian control

Synonyms: Selectional control; Evolutionary control

**Darwinian control** is a special case of fauceir control characterized by statistically defined outcome and an also statistical feedback that is carried out by inheritance. Darwinian control takes place mostly ...

Tags: Control Core theory Evolution Theory


Categories: Evolutionary Biology Philosophy


Deductive reasoning

Synonyms: Deduction

**Deductive reasoning** is arriving at a specific statement by logical conclusions from a more general statement. If the logic is not fallacious the conclusion is necessarily always true. The problem ...

Tags: Learning System Theory


Categories: Epistemology Philosophy


Delegation Rule

<
> Fauceirs always compete with each other by their element fauceirs. <
> == Rational Proof # By definition a fauceir is but a set of element fauceirs. # If ...

Tags: Rules Theory


Categories:


Demarcation problem

**[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Problem_of_demarcation|Demarcation problem]]** is an epistemological problem it exists as such since the time when rational thinking began. It is the problem to distinguish between science and pseudoscience, rational and irrational ...

Tags: Theory


Categories: Epistemology Philosophy


Mutual Dependence Rule

Synonyms: Rule of mutual influence

<
> Mutual visibility entails mutual dependence. <
> == Rational Proof # Visibility depends on fauceirs mutual interaction. # All interacting sides will be affected by that interaction # Conclusively ...

Tags: Rules Theory


Categories: Fauceir Theory Philosophy Physics Psychology


Devolution Definition

Synonyms: Backward Evolution

**[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Devolution_%28biology%29|Devolution]]** describes the oposite of [[../EvolutionDefinition|evolution]] a process that leads to decreased complexity and adaptability. This process is typical of organisms that live in social compounds either with individuals of ...

Tags: Core theory Evolution Theory


Categories: Evolutionary Biology


Rule of Disparity

Synonyms: Disparity rule of evolution

<
> The rule of disparity states that with the progress of evolution some fauceirs remain at a lower stage of evolution. They not only remain at that stage even ...

Tags: Rules Theory


Categories: Fauceir Theory Philosophy


Ecological license

Synonyms: ecological vacancy

Ecological license is a term coined by German biologists Günther and Osche <> which is rarely used in international ecological literature. <
> Ecological license is the sum of ...

Tags: Ecology Theory


Categories: Ecology Systems Theory


Ecological refugium

An Ecological refugium is what is in colloquial German often understood by ecological niche. <
> Is an ecologically characterized location where a once abundant species can survive and thrive. ...

Tags: Ecology Theory


Categories: Biology Ecology


Element Fauceir

Synonyms: Slave Fauceir

**Element fauceirs** are the building blocks of an aggregate fauceir. The set of element fauceirs that belong to an aggregate fauceir define its structure, function, and behavior. The terms master ...

Tags: Core theory Evolution Theory


Categories: Evolutionary Biology


Endosymbiogenesis

Synonyms: Symbiogenesis

**Endosymbiogenesis** describes evolution as an accumulation of symbiotic mergers. The theory was initiated by [[../KonstantinMereschkowski|Mereschkowski]] who correctly assumed that chloroblasts derive from Cyanobacteria and added by [[../IvanEmanuelWallin|Wallin]] who came up ...

Tags: Evolution Theory


Categories:


Evolutionary Distance

**Evolutionary Distance** is the difference in evolutionary levels. Evolutionary levels can only be measured if evolutionary progress is assumed, so the determination of evolutionary distance requires measurement of evolutionary progress. ...

Tags: Evolution Theory


Categories:


Evolution Definition

**Evolution** is an automatic process in nature that improves adaptability and concomitantly leads to increasing complexity. This definition significantly differs from the one presently used in evolutionary biology, which is ...

Tags: Core theory Evolution Theory


Categories: Evolutionary Biology Philosophy


Demographic control

Synonyms: Demographic regulation

Demographic control is a fauceir that evolved with the advent of societies. It is a byproduct of social evolution. One of many social fauciers that are essential for society's persistence. ...

Tags: Anthropology Behavior Control Evolution Imprecision Theory


Categories: Sociology


Evolution Fauceir

The term [[../EvolutionDefinition|Evolution]] has undergone an evolution itself. From a term that describes speciation, natural selection, and adaptation, evolution diverged into a term dscribing a mere genetic variation overtime to ...

Tags: Core theory Theory


Categories: Evolutionary Biology Philosophy Systems Theory


Evolution of a societies life cycle

Synonyms: History

The evolution of societies life cycles is tightly connected with human history. In fact human history is the collection of various accounts of human societies rise and fall. As a ...

Tags: Anthropology Evolution Sociology Theory


Categories: Psychology Sociology


Progress in evolution

Synonyms: Evolutionary progress; Evolution progress

**Evolutionary progress** describes magnitude and direction of evolution. Progress is measurable by level and pace. There is progress in evolution which is obvious to everyone who compares the simplicity of ...

Tags: Core theory Evolution Theory


Categories: Biology Evolutionary Biology


The evolution of religion

There are many ways of course to handle religion, as a believer or as a scientist, for instance. There are many ways to study religion, sill. Yo may count the ...

Tags: Religion Society Theory


Categories: Sociology


Evolvability

**Evolvability** describes the ability to evolve. There is lot of confusion about the definition which are rooted in two main unanswered questions. # Which unit is considered to evolve? # ...

Tags: Evolution Theory


Categories:


Fauceir Approach

Synonyms: Fauceir Analysis

When trying to apply fauceir rules to explain some observations and to project further developments, the following steps can be applied. # **Determine the limits of a fauceir.** That is ...

Tags: Theory


Categories:


Fauceir death

Synonyms: Death of a fauceir

A fauceir's death is the end point of its life cycle. When death occurs not all the sub-fauceirs die too. On the contrary some of them may even flourish. Instead, ...

Tags: Evolution Theory


Categories: Evolutionary Biology


Fauceir Definition

**Fauceir** is an acronym of **f**unctional **a**bstract **u**nit **c**ontrolling **e**volutionary **i**nformation **r**ecovery. It was necessary to define this term to describe process and mechanism of evolution. A fauceir encompasses both ...

Tags: Control Core theory Information Theory


Categories: Evolutionary Biology


Fauceir's Environment

Synonyms: Environment of a Fauceir

A fauceir's environment is the sum of all neighboring fauceirs capable to exchange information or exert some type of control. This includes master as well as slave fauceirs. The function ...

Tags: Adaptation Control Information Theory


Categories:


Fauceir's essential properties

Synonyms: Essential properties of fauceirs

This article is about the essential properties of a fauceir. Essential are thos properties that define the whole class. In this case, the essential properties of fauceirs are faund in ...

Tags: Adaptation Behavior Evolution Theory


Categories: Evolutionary Biology


Fauceir Evolution Theory

**Fauceir evolution theory** describes mechanisms of evolution from fauceir perspective. The abstract mechanisms are applicable to all levels of evolution. Biological evolution as studied by Darwinism and it varieties is ...

Tags: Core theory Theory


Categories: Philosophy Systems Theory


Fauceir heritage

Synonyms: Heritage

The concept of fauceir heritage is different from [[../FauceirInheritance|inheritance]]. <
> Fauceir heritage is a fauceir whose slave fauceirs memorize the developmental trajectory of a master fauceir. <
> == Remarks ...

Tags: Core theory EvoDevo Theory


Categories: History Systems Theory


Fauceir inheritance

Synonyms: Inheritance

The concept of **fauceir inheritance** is different from [[../FauceirHeritage|heritage]]. <
> Inheritance is a fauceir whose slave fauceirs push the development of a fauceir in a defined direction. The direction ...

Tags: Theory


Categories: Evolutionary Biology Philosophy Sociology


Fauceir Life Cycle

According to the [[../TimeLimitRule|rule]], fauceirs have a limited life span. The life cycle of a fauceir consists of the following stages: # creation # progression # adaptation # rudimentation # ...

Tags: Theory


Categories:


Fauceir Memory

**Fauceir memory**, by contrast to //[[../HumanMemory|Human memory]]// is a general concept and describes the accumulation of stored information in all fauceirs. == Examples == === Atom Structure === Electrons always ...

Tags: Information Theory


Categories:


Nihilism and Fauceir Theory

There is a philosophical tenet around that not only strictly denies teleology but even denies all kinds of meaning in nature an thinking. That's [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nihilism|nihilism]]. Some authors claim Darwin's theory ...

Tags: Theory


Categories: Philosophy


Fauceirs and quantum physics

The dualism embraced by fauceir theory between a control and information is mirrored in quantum physics by the dualism of matter and force. Einstein's famous formula <>E = m \, ...

Tags: Theory


Categories: Physics


Fauceir Rules

Every [[../FauceirDefinition|fauceir]] follows a set of logical rules. Rules can be distinguished in empirical rules and logical rules. In an ideal case rules are logical and empirically supported. Empirical rules ...

Tags: Theory


Categories: Fauceir Theory


Fauceir Theory

Fauceir Theory is a materialistic philosophical theory in which all entities are atomized into abstract units, [[../FauceirDefinition|fauceirs]]. This approach is particularly useful when modelling evolution in all spheres of nature, ...

Tags: Core theory Theory


Categories: Philosophy


Main claims of Fauceir Theory

The main claims of fauceir theory # Every existing object can be interpreted as a fauceir. # Every fauceir can be interpreted as a container of an infinite number of ...

Tags: Core theory Theory


Categories: Philosophy


Filter

A filter is a subclass of a model that intentionally and not accidentally, blinds out some aspects of the reality. Filters are [[../Model|models]] designed to reduce complexity and to make ...

Tags: Ideology Imprecision Information Learning Theory


Categories: Epistemology Philosophy


Fisherian Runaway in Different Systems

By Fisherian Runaway genetically oriented evolutionary biologists understand the effect that sexual selection favors the evolution of traits that are disadvantageous for survival. Male ornamentation like the peacock plumage are ...

Tags: Adaptation Theory


Categories:


Fisher's fife-table mistakes

When reading about mathematical models of evolution you will probably inevitably bump into //The Genetical Theory Of Natural Selection//<>1<>. This book praised by many authors as the fundamental work ...

Tags: Genetics Society Statistics Theory


Categories: Mathematics


General Fauceir Properties

The section **general fauceir properties** only describes properties that are common to all fauceirs. As fauceirs are such a abstract entity those general properties cannot but being abstract too. * ...

Tags: Theory


Categories:


Generalization

**Generalization** is method and result of a cognitive process that creates an epistemological fauceir that succinctly describes all possible states of a set of entities. <> digraph G { rankdir="LR"; ...

Tags: Information Learning Linguistic Theory


Categories: Epistemology Philosophy


Genetic Accomodation

Synonyms: Accomodation, Genetic

**Genetic accommodation** is a concept of evolution introduced by Mary Jane West-Eberhard[1,2]. According to Braendle and Flatt[3], genetic accommodation is a generalization of the concept of [[../GeneticAssimilation|genetic assimilation]]. Although I ...

Tags: Evolution Genetics Theory


Categories:


Genetic Assimilation

Synonyms: Assimilation, Genetic

**Genetic Assimilation** is an evolutionary concept developed by [[../ConradHalWaddington|Conrad Hal Waddington]]. It is explains with Darwinian principles how acquired characters become inheritable. Probably because of his leftist political views his ...

Tags: Evolution Genetics Theory


Categories:


Size Rule of Evolution

Synonyms: Rule of Growth

<
> The size rule of evolution states that a fauceir if not restricted otherwise tends to grow in size. <
> == Proof # Every fauceir is exposed to interactions. ...

Tags: Core theory Rules Theory


Categories: Fauceir Theory


Hayek On Cultural Evolution

How [[../FriedrichAugustvonHayek|F.A.v. Hayek]] described social evolution is shown in this video. <> Hayek can be considered kind of a [[../Vordenker|Vordenker]] of fauceir theory. His view that social rules, ...

Tags: Anthropology Control Evolution Sociology Theory


Categories: Sociology


Herbert Spencer

<> **[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herbert_Spencer|Herbert Spencer]]** (27/04/1820-08/12/1903) developed a theory of social evolution. His theory includes a definition of [[http://fauceir.local/main/page/SocialProgress|progress]], and embraces the whole natural world beginning with the origination of planets ...

Tags: Personage Theory


Categories: Philosophy Sociology


Intelligence

Synonyms: Human Intelligence

**Intelligence** is the readiness of a human's brain to create cognitive fauceirs. This is compatible with the essence of intelligence tests that mainly test the capability to swiftly find solutions ...

Tags: Cognitive function Psychology Theory


Categories: Psychology


Imprecision

Synonyms: Rule of Imprecision

<
> Every interaction among fauceirs entails unwanted side effects. <
> == Conclusions Imprecision is involved in all control processes. Every information exchange involves unintended side effects, collateral damage. It ...

Tags: Imprecision Rules Theory


Categories: Fauceir Theory


Imprinting (Behavior)

Synonyms: Behavioral Imprinting

In behavioral science, imprinting is an adopted bahavioral pattern that ususlly lasts for a lifetime. From a historical perspective behavioral imprinting is an itermediate fauceir between genetic inheritance and the ...

Tags: Behavior Theory


Categories:


Independent evolution research

Marx' discovery that //being determines consciousness// holds true for evolutionary theory too. His famous quote is found here ([[http://www.mlwerke.de/me/me13/me13_007.htm|Karl Marx/Friedrich Engels - Werke, (Karl) Dietz Verlag, Berlin. Band 13, 7. ...

Tags: Evolution Theory


Categories: Philosophy


Independent researchers into evolution

Our thinking is limited by ideology. Ideology is made to subconsciously influence ideas. That, of course, holds true for whole frameworks of ideas, theories. Evolutionary theory makes no exception. Since ...

Tags: Evolution Ideology System Theory


Categories: Philosophy Psychology Sociology


Inequality Model

As on this page the fauceir model of inequality is described, inequality is a treated as a fauceir that evolved 10,000-60,000 years ago. Inequality evolved because societies that exhibited inequality ...

Tags: Anthropology Behavior Economy Evolution Society System Theory


Categories: Economics Sociology


Information

The term **information** as it is used in Fauceir Theory fundamentally differs from information theory. Fauceir Theory considers the material realization of information. Information theory intentionally abstracts from the material ...

Tags: Information Theory


Categories:


Inheritance - Heritage

This article tackles the differences between fauceir [[../FauceirInheritance|inheritance]] and [[../FauceirHeritage|heritage]]. For definition of these terms, please see specific articles. In both cases we deal with a fauceir that consists of ...

Tags: Control Core theory Theory


Categories: Systems Theory


Insulation Rule

Synonyms: Rule of Progressive Blinding; Rule of Progressive Inertness

<
> The process of evolutionary progress is characterized by an increased level of insulation. <
> == Rational Proof # Each fauceir consists of an infinite number of element fauceirs. ...

Tags: Evolution Rules Theory


Categories: Philosophy Systems Theory


Intelligence is Threatened

When we talk about intelligence on this page, intelligence is not understood as the sum of acquired knowledge, it is even not the intelligence quotient IQ. Intelligence is defined as ...

Tags: Learning Theory


Categories: Psychology


Visibility/Invisibility Rule

Synonyms: Rule of blindness; Dark matter rule

== Rule **Invisibility Rule** states that two fauceirs are mutually invisible if and only if they do not share fauceirs that can interact. The 'if and only if' indicates that ...

Tags: Rules Theory


Categories: Fauceir Theory


Levels of Fauceir Change

Synonyms: Types of Fauceir Change

Three levels of change in fauceirs can be distinguished. # Mutation. # Adaptation. # Evolution. In any given fauceir the possibilities of mutations are abundant. Many of these are deleterious. ...

Tags: Evolution Theory


Categories:


Malthus Paradox

**[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Robert_Malthus|Thomas Robert Malthus]]** in his //Essay on the Principle of Population// stated that populations growth will lead to famine and populations will decline<>. Some scientists even predict a next ...

Tags: Anthropology Paradox Society Sociology Theory


Categories: Philosophy Sociology


Mass Extinction

**Mass extiction** is significant decline of a certain group of fauceirs over a relatively short period of time. Mass extinction has to be distinguished from normal death rates in connection ...

Tags: Evolution Theory


Categories:


Rule of mass extiction

**[[../MassExtinction|Mass extiction]]** occur on a regular basis in each evolution. As mass extinctions are essential to evolutionary process preventing them hinders evolutionary progress. == Rational == The easiest way for ...

Tags: Rules Theory


Categories:


Meme

**Memes** constitute special class of social fauceirs that evolved predominantly to control either human individuals or [[../Society|groups]] of individuals. Though communication in social compounds is a prerequisite of the evolution ...

Tags: Meme Theory


Categories: Philosophy Sociology Systems Theory


Memory

Memory is stored [[../Information|information]], and as information is a fauceir, memory is a specific set of fauceirs that works a a template that allows to recall the same or quite ...

Tags: Information Theory


Categories:


Micro-macro relationships

In science when we often encounter processes of thought in which micro and macro relationships are distinguished and analyzed separately. Micro- and macroevolution as well as micro- and macroeconomics may ...

Tags: Economy Evolution Theory


Categories:


Model

Synonyms: Scientific Model

A model is a representation of the objectively existing reality. By that token, a model is not the reality itself but only a mirror image. That definition of a model ...

Tags: Imprecision Learning Theory


Categories: Epistemology Philosophy


Mutability

In genetics, ** mutability** describes the tendency to undergo genetic mutations. Even in biology the term can be applied to different units of organization, with a single nucleotide being the ...

Tags: Genetics Liberty Theory


Categories:


Too-big-to-fail Myth

Wikipedia explains the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Too_big_to_fail|term too-big-to-fail]] economically only. By that definition the term describes a set of enterprises whose failure may be disastrous to the whole economy, so the state is ...

Tags: Myth Sociology Theory


Categories: Biology Psychology


Neutral Evolution

Synonyms: Neutral Changes

**Neutral evolution** is a concept of evolution that considers changes to the genomic DNA as result of stochastical processes by contrast to adaptation, the usual concept. == History == The ...

Tags: Evolution Genetics Theory


Categories:


Niche Construction

<
> Niche Construction is an evolutionary process by which for a limited space and time an insulated evolutionary process exists. <
> == Discussion This definition can only be understood ...

Tags: Evolution Theory


Categories: Philosophy Systems Theory


Niche Construction - Its Frightening Implications

**Niche construction** is neatly outlined in a book <>. In its preface the authors claim: <> As our investigation proceeded, it appeared the ramifications of niche construction grew to ...

Tags: Evolution Ideology Theory


Categories: Biology Sociology Systems Theory


Peto's Rule

Synonyms: Tumor suppression rule

Peto's Rule is the inversion of [[../PetosParadox|Peto's Paradox]]. It is the [[..SlaveryEnforcementRule|Rule of Enforced Enslavement]] applied specifically to the multi-cellularity fauceir. <
> If an organism evolves a larger body ...

Tags: Multicellularity Rules Theory


Categories: Biology


Probability density function

**Probability density function** (pdf) of a continuous random variable X is a function that satisfies the following requirements. <>f(x) \ge 0 \;\text{for all}\; x \in \Re <> <>\int_\Re f(x)dx<> If ...

Tags: Theory


Categories: Mathematics


Probability mass function

**Probability mass function** (pmf) of a discontinuous random variable X is a function that satisfies the following requirements. <>p_i \ge 0 \;\text{for all}\; i=1,2,3,..., <> <>\sum\limits_{i=1}^\infty p_i = 1<> with ...

Tags: Theory


Categories: Mathematics


Property Inheritance Rule

Synonyms: Rule of Property Inheritance

The Property Inheritance Rule states that each fauceir which always must be considered as a collection of sub-fauceirs inherits all its properties from its elements. Therefore a fauceirs properties might ...

Tags: Rules Theory


Categories:


Random walk

This page mainly shows a random walk example implemented in python with numpy and pylab. The theory behind random walk [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Random_walk|can be learned from Wikipedia]]. <Theory


Categories: Mathematics


Space of real numbers

<> graph "" { # null set # n000 ; # n000 [label="0"] ; size="12,12"; resolution=72; bgcolor="#FFFFFF"; # first set n001 ; n001 [label="1"] ; n001 -- n011 ; n011 ...

Tags: Theory


Categories: Mathematics


Reply to David Sloan Wilson's Post at Social Evolution Forum

This reply is to [[http://socialevolutionforum.com/2012/10/02/david-sloan-wilson-human-cultures-are-primarily-adaptive-at-the-group-level|David Sloan Wilson's blog entry //'Human Cultures are Primarily Adaptive at the Group Level'//]]. Below I will make remarks to some quotes from the text. The ...

Tags: Adaptation Anthropology Core theory Evolution Ideology Society Theory


Categories: Evolutionary Biology Sociology


Reproduction Cycle

Synonyms: Cycle of Reproduction

The **reproduction cycle** is the major fauceir considered in economics. (Reproduction in economics is not so different from reproduction among biological fauceirs.) The theory of reproduction was as far as ...

Tags: Economy Theory


Categories: Economics


Reproductive Isolation

Synonyms: Isolation, reproductive

**Reproductive isolation** is a term from classical evolutionary theory that describes groups of organisms within a population that show group specific mating preferences, so so individuals more likely find a ...

Tags: Evolution Theory


Categories:


Revolution

We call **revolution** a fundamental evolutionary novelty in any kind of social evolution processes.

Tags: Evolution Sociology Theory


Categories:


Ring Species

**Ring species** is a term introduced by Arthur Cain when elaborating on speciation <>. Ring species consist of overlapping populations with only subtle differences. The traits change continuously, so ...

Tags: Speciation Theory


Categories: Evolutionary Biology


Rule of diffluence

Note: the rule of diffluence is merged into the [[../DisparityRule|rule of disparity]]. **Rule of diffluence** states that during evolution a diversification takes place. As a result, fauceirs at several stages ...

Tags: Core theory Rules Theory


Categories: Evolutionary Biology Sociology


Rule of Dwindling Importance

The **rule of dwindling mutual importance with increasing evolutionary distance** states that the greater the evolutionary distance between master and slave fauceirs the more negligible its mutual impact. == Rational ...

Tags: Control Decontextualization Evolution Rules Theory


Categories: Fauceir Theory


Too-big-to-survive rule

Synonyms: Rule too-big-to-succeed

<
> The rule states that a fauceir tends to fail if it grows too big. <
> == Proof # With an increase in size the probability of deleterious interactions ...

Tags: Core theory Rules Theory


Categories: Biology Evolutionary Biology Sociology


Signal

According to classical systems theory a signal is function of time that carries information<>1<>. In fauceir terms this needs to be re-defined as not only information gets a broader ...

Tags: Information System Theory


Categories: Systems Theory


Simplistic theories of evolution

Simplistic theories of evolution Simplistic models of evolution are around for quite a few centuries. The allow to explain evolution the natural way and therefore they constitute a great leap ...

Tags: Theory


Categories: History


Enslavement Rule

Synonyms: Slavery Enforcement Rule;Rule of an Inherent Tendency to Enforce Enslavement

**Rule of an Inherent Tendency to Enforce Enslavement** is a special case of the [[../PropertyInheritanceRule|Property Inheritance Rule]]. <
> The more a fauceir is evolved the more pronounced its tendency ...

Tags: Rules Theory


Categories: Fauceir Theory


Evolutionary Sociology

Synonyms: Social Evolution; Social Darwinism

== Definition == Social evolution is the [[../EvolutionDefinition|evolution]] of social fauceirs. Social evolution is not different from history. In fact social evolution includes history. History is studying social evolution in ...

Tags: Evolution Society Theory


Categories: Psychology Sociology


Definition and measurement of social progress

Let's suppose social evolutionists don't accept the narrow definition of evolution applied by some evolutionary biologists who consider mere genetic change, such as diversification, as evolution. Let's assume social evolution ...

Tags: Anthropology Economy Religion Society Theory


Categories: Sociology


Social Revolution

Synonyms: Revolution, social

**Social Revolution** is the subset of revolutions that affect human societies, mostly larger groups of people such as nations.

Tags: Sociology Theory


Categories:


Society's life cycle

Synonyms: Life cycle society

As all fauceirs have a limited life span, this is true for [[..Society|societies]] a subset of [[..SocialFauceir|social fauceirs]] too, of course. The life span of societies may vary from a ...

Tags: Anthropology Society Sociology Theory


Categories: Philosophy Sociology


Speciation

**Speciation** is the generation of a new species by evolution. It is generally assumed that speciation is the result of isolation as observed by Darwin and Wallace on separate islands, ...

Tags: Biogeology Ecology Speciation Theory


Categories: Biology Evolutionary Biology


Specific Fauceir Properties

As a [[../PropertyInheritanceRule|rule]] the properties that belong to a specific fauceir are determined by the fauceir content. That is the properties of element fauceirs, the degree of modification that they ...

Tags: Theory


Categories:


Surrogate parameter

Synonyms: Proxy parameter

The term **surrogate parameter** is common in medical literature while **proxy parameter** or simply proxy is often used in social science. Both terms mean virtually the same. An easily measurable ...

Tags: Theory


Categories: Epistemology Philosophy


Surrogate parameters of evolutionary progress

Though evolutionary progress is difficult to discern, [[../SurrogateParameter|surrogate parameters]] exist. Surrogate parameters involve imprecision. Though imprecise, those paramaters are chosen because they are easier to measure. They yield reliable results ...

Tags: Theory


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Term System

As Fauceir is the term that covers system and information we may define system by a [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Definition|genus–differentia definition]]: System is a fauceir in which system properties significantly dominate so that ...

Tags: Information System Theory


Categories: Philosophy


Theory

Synonyms: Scientific theory

A scientific theory is a specific subset of a scientific model. A theory consist of a framework of causally interrelated rational claims that can be described by [[../Model|secondary models]], mathematically ...

Tags: Imprecision Information Learning Theory


Categories: Epistemology Philosophy


Time Limit Rule

Synonyms: Rule of Limited Space of Existence

<
> Every fauceir exists for a limited scope of existance. <
> == Rational Proof # Every fauceir consists of an unlimited number of element fauceirs. # Each of these ...

Tags: Core theory Rules Theory


Categories: Fauceir Theory Philosophy


Umbrella Theory of Evolution

In the evolutionary literature the term "umbrella theory" can be found. There is no clear definition of that term. When googling the term different meanings not associated with evolutionary theory ...

Tags: Theory


Categories: Evolutionary Biology Systems Theory


Uncertainty Proviso

**Uncertainty Proviso** is a restriction that has to be made to every theory or rule. Every prediction whether in physics, chemistry biology, psychiatry, or sociology involves a certain degree of ...

Tags: Theory


Categories: Epistemology


Universe

**Universe** serves as root of our cladogram of fauceirs. Our universe is the largest container that holds all the fauceirs we know so far. We don't know about fauceirs outside ...

Tags: Theory


Categories: Philosophy


Unlimited Creation Rule

<
> At any given space of time an unlimited number of fauceirs is created and destroyed. <
> == Rational Proof # The universe contains an unlimited number of fauceirs. ...

Tags: Core theory Rules Theory


Categories: Philosophy Systems Theory


Violence

Violence describes a fauceir control that causes unpleasant feelings in an individual. It is subjective as the same type of control might be felt differently in various environment or by ...

Tags: Anthropology Ideology Theory


Categories: Philosophy Sociology


Visibility Rule

Synonyms: Rule of visibility

**Visibility Rule** states that other fauceirs are visible to a certain fauceir if and only if both can interact. And interaction usually requires common sub-fauceirs. Visibility can be described qualitatively ...

Tags: Rules Theory


Categories: Epistemology Fauceir Theory


Vordenker - Mastermind

Synonyms: Mastermind - Vordenker

I'm a great admirer of the English language. While learning it, I always detect new words and expressions. That is new words not in the sense I have not known ...

Tags: Evolution Linguistic Theory


Categories:


Wallace Effect

Synonyms: Reinforcement

**Wallace Effect** is a honorific term that relates reinforcement to [[../AlfredRusselWallace|Alfred Russel Wallace]], the co-inventor—if not the original creator himself—of the theory of evolution by natural selection. The concept of ...

Tags: Evolution Theory


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War as a social fauceir

This is actually a comment on comments made [[http://socialevolutionforum.com/2013/01/13/is-war-creative/|on this web page]]. Probably it is a good idea to read this page first although I quoted the most interesting points. ...

Tags: Control Information Psychology Society System Theory


Categories: Philosophy Sociology Systems Theory


Why fauceirs not memes?

Meme is an evolutionary unit devised by Richard Dawkins to explain social evolution in a fashion similar to genes<>. [[http://www.smithsonianmag.com/arts-culture/What-Defines-a-Meme.html|When I first learned about memes]], the fauceir concept was ...

Tags: Adaptation Anthropology Core theory Genetics Ideology Religion Selection Sociology System Theory


Categories: Philosophy Sociology


 
   

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